The native home of
the Dexter is in the southern part of Ireland where they were bred by small land holders and roamed about the shelter less
mountainous districts in an almost wild state of nature. The first recorded knowledge of Dexters in America is when more than
two hundred Dexters were imported to the US between 1905 and 1915. In recent years there has been a worldwide surge of interest
in Dexter cattle. They thrive in hot as well as cold climates and do well outdoors year round, needing only a windbreak, shelter
and fresh water. Fertility is high and calves are dropped in the field without difficulty. They are dual purpose, being raised
for both milk and meat. Dexters are also the perfect old-fashioned family cow. Pound for pound, Dexters cost less to get to
the table, economically turning forage into rich milk and quality, lean meat.
According to the guidelines, the ideal three year old Dexter bull measures 38 to 44
inches at the shoulder and weighs less than 1000 pounds. The ideal three year old Dexter cow measures between 36 to 42 inches
at the shoulder, and weighs less than 750 pounds. There are two varieties of Dexters, short legged and long legged. Milk and
beef production and other characteristics are generally the same for both types.
Dexters come in Black, Red or Dun. Dexters are horned or polled, with some people preferring
to dehorn them. A milking cow can produce more milk for its weight than any other breed. The daily yield averages 1 to 3 gallons
per day with a butterfat content of 4 to 5 percent. Yields of cream up to one quart per gallon are possible. The cream can
be skimmed for butter or ice cream.
animals mature in 18 to 24 months and result in small cuts of high quality lean meat, graded choice, with little waste. The
expectable average dress out is 50 to 60 percent and the beef is slightly darker red than that of other breeds.
No other bovine can satisfy such a diverse market.
All animals in the ADCA registry were entered in accordance
with the regulations, procedures, and information that existed at the time of entry. Info from ADCA website